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Process performance and reuse potential of a decentralized wastewater treatment system
Published in IWA Publishing
PMID: 32198326
Volume: 80
Issue: 11
Pages: 2079 - 2090

The paper describes briefly the process performance and the reuse potential of a laboratory scale wastewater treatment system. The treatment involves enhanced primary treatment of Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT) campus sewage using ferric chloride as a coagulant, anaerobic digestion of coagulated organics, and biofilm aerobic process. The treated effluent after disinfection (using sunlight and chlorine) was used for irrigation of Tagetes erecta (marigold) plants and the plant growth parameters were evaluated for a life span of 3 months. In the primary treatment, an optimum ferric chloride dose of 30 mg/L could remove turbidity, chemical oxygen demand (COD), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), and bacterial count (Escherichia coli) of 69%, 60%, 77%, and 55%, respectively. The coagulated organics could digest in a 25 L anaerobic reactor effectively with methane content in biogas varied between 50 and 60% and enhanced volatile suspended solids (VSS) reduction up to 70%. Sunlight based photo-oxidation followed chlorine disinfection saved 50% of the chlorine dose required for disinfection and treated effluent was fit for reuse. The results of growth parameters for Tagetes erecta plants indicate that anaerobically digested sludge is an excellent soil conditioner cum nutrient supplier. The results of this study exhibit a promising reuse potential of a decentralized wastewater treatment system and needs to be promoted for field scale applications. © IWA Publishing 2019 Water Science & Technology.

About the journal
JournalWater Science and Technology
PublisherIWA Publishing
Open AccessNo