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Hybrid photoanode of TiO2-ZnO synthesized by co-precipitation route for dye-sensitized solar cell using phyllanthus reticulatas pigment sensitizer
M. Bhogaita,
Published in Elsevier Ltd
Volume: 214
Pages: 517 - 530
We report synthesis and characterization of hybrid photoanode made up of Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) and Zinc Oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles prepared by a co-precipitation process. Though TiO2 is the most preferred anode for Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC), the charge recombination between electrode and electrolyte poses a major challenge. ZnO photoelectrode is a potential alternative due to higher carrier mobility but has a slower electron injection than TiO2. To maximize the benefits of both, a co-precipitation synthesis of TiO2/ZnO is proposed in this work as a promising alternative. The co-precipitation process produces metal oxides TiO2 and ZnO and eventually yields the Anatase TiO2 and Wurtzite ZnO. The experimental investigations of the new co-precipitation process show improved control of particle size, shape, and uniform distribution of ZnO and yet preserve the economy and simplicity of synthesis. The study shows an average crystallite size of 10 nm to 22 nm for TiO2 and 17 nm to 35 nm for ZnO. Wurtzite phase varies from 4.5% to 10.8% in a co-precipitated photoanode. The deconvolution of the typical Photoluminescence (PL) curve shows two distinct bands for ZnO and TiO2 cantered around 390 nm and 460 nm. The study shows that the co-precipitated TiO2/ZnO has a bandgap of less than 3.2 eV, this paves the way for reduced recombination and improved device performance. Further, we fabricated a prototype of a DSSC using photoanode of TiO2/ZnO and a sensitizer of natural plant pigment extracted from Phyllanthus reticulatas and successfully tested the prototype DSSC. © 2020 International Solar Energy Society
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PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Ltd